Lexicon TIP - Derivative relationships

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Lexicon TIP
Canonical forms
Verbs
Derivative relationships

Derivative relationships

A derivative relationship has been established between two canonical forms when one of them has been formed from the other. Of the different processes of word formation in Spanish, the Lexicon TIP only includes the suffix, prefix and parasynthetic derivations. To establish these relationships, etymological or strictly linguistic criteria have not always been followed; a synchronic study of the prefixes and suffixes of all the canonical forms of the Lexicon TIP has been carried out and relations have been established between them whenever there is a lexical-formative characteristic that allows it. Some examples of these relationships, in the Lexicon TIP, are shown below:

Pistola:
Suffixals: pistolera, pistolero, pistoletazo, pistolear.

Hueco:
Suffixals: oquedad, oquedal, oqueruela.
Parasynthetics: enhuecar, ahuecar.

Acción:
Suffixals: accionario, accionista, accionar.
Prefixals: coacción, inacción, interacción, reacción, retroacción.

Pie:
Suffixals: peal, peana, peciolo, pedaje, pedal, pedestal, pedestre, pedio, peón, pezón, pial, pielera, pihuela, podálico, podio.
Prefixals: antepié, bípede, bípedo, contrapié, cuadrúpedo, cubrepié, guardapiés, lavapiés, mediopié, retropié, sobrepié, sopié, traspié.
Parasynthetics: apear, ápodo, aspear, despear, despiaco, dipodia, heterópodo, supedáneo.

Pelo:
Suffixals: pelaje, pelambre, pelamen, pelanas, pelar, pelaza, pelero, pelete, pelillo, pelín, pelona, peloso, pelote, peluca, peluche, peludo, pelusa, piloso.
Prefixals: guardapelo, mediopelo, repelo, sobrepelo.
Parasynthetics: apelar, depilar, despeluchar, despeluzar, empelar, entrepelar, espelucar, espeluscar, espeluzar, espeluznar, respeluzar.

This type of ralations has given rise to the creation of word families that derive from the same canonical form. For each relation the affix used has been marked and if the union of the affix to the primitive form has been done in a regular or irregular manner.

Under this criterion the TIP Lexicon consists of:

Word families 62 204
Derivative relationships 138 238

And the distribution by grammatical categories is:

Kind of relationship Quantity
Suffixal 120 470
Prefixal 13 896
Parasynthetic 3872